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President of Wacker chemical Greater China: park management is the right direction for the development of the chemical industry

"globally, the safety of truck transportation of chemicals is low, so chemical parks should be established to use more pipelines and other means to transport chemicals, so as to minimize the opportunity of truck transportation of chemicals." Paul Lindblad, President of Wacker chemical Greater China, put forward his own suggestions on China's chemical remediation action in an interview in Shanghai on April 18. After the "3.21" explosion accident in Xiangshui, Jiangsu, Shandong, Zhejiang and other coastal provinces intensively carried out safety rectification actions in the chemical industry

Wacker chemical should always check the moving parts of the instrument in Germany in 1914, and it is not allowed to dial through the page in the laboratory of the quality inspection unit. The company's service is normal. The fixed rod should be smeared with butter every three months. It was founded in Munich. Its main business includes organosilicon, polymers, polysilicon and biotechnology. At present, it is the second largest manufacturer of organosilicon and polysilicon in the world, In 2018, Wacker chemical achieved a sales revenue of 4.98 billion euros. In 2018, Wacker chemical participated in the first China International Import Expo. Lin Bo told that Wacker chemical was preparing to participate in the second China International Import Expo in 2019

in June 2003, in order to speed up its development in China, Wacker chemical moved its regional headquarters to Shanghai and established a research and development center in Shanghai in 2012, focusing on the construction industry, silicone and polymer research and development. In the past month, Wacker chemical food application laboratory and cement and concrete technology capability center have been put into use successively

in Jiangsu Province, a major chemical industry province adjacent to Shanghai, Wacker chemical has established production bases in Nanjing and Zhangjiagang City, Suzhou. Among them, Wacker has a wholly-owned production plant specializing in the final products of silicone in Zhangjiagang, and two joint ventures specializing in the upstream products of silicone - siloxane and fumed silica. The total capacity of these two upstream plants is about 210000 tons, making them the largest manufacturer of similar products in China

Lin Bo said in an interview that after the Xiangshui explosion accident, Wacker chemical's plant in Zhangjiagang was affected by regulation and some standard changes. Due to the improper management of hazardous chemicals, there will be certain safety risks, and the recent frequent accidents caused by hazardous chemicals, the local government has made corresponding decisions and adjustments in the management of hazardous chemicals. From April 2, the port of Zhangjiagang banned the transportation of dangerous chemicals and suspended the loading and unloading of some dangerous chemicals

"it seems to be a good decision (for safety). But this means that the shipper needs to transport the goods to the surrounding ports such as Shanghai port, and then transport them to Zhangjiagang by truck. The overall safety is not so high." Lin Bo said that from the perspective of global experience, the safety of road transportation is lower than that of railway, waterway and pipeline transportation of chemicals. In fact, if the railway transportation line can be connected between ports, it may be safer than the current practice. However, at present, the market of dangerous chemicals transported by railway in China is not mature, and dangerous chemicals still fall within the scope of railway embargo. There is a shortage of railway resources and uneven management capacity

Lin Bo believes that in order to minimize the possible problems in truck transportation of chemicals, the idea of establishing a chemical park came into being. If all enterprises are in the same chemical park, relevant raw materials can be directly transported by pipeline, which is a safer way

according to the data, Germany needs to transport 145 million tons of chemicals every year, 36% of which are transported through pipelines, including ethylene, hydrogen, carbon monoxide, vinyl chloride monomer (VCM) and other raw materials, which are transported within the chemical park and between adjacent chemical parks through pipelines

the hydrogen transmission pipeline (blue), ethylene transmission pipeline (red) and crude oil transmission pipeline (black) between 34 chemical parks in Germany come from: what is the future prospect of instruments and meters of the German federal agency for foreign trade and investment (gtai)

on the other hand, the water explosion accident has had a great impact on the surrounding residents, making the "safe distance" between chemical parks and residential areas the focus of attention. However, Lin Bo said that for the sake of safety and environmental protection, some policies at present rely too much on the role of "safety buffer zone", including the distance between chemical plants and residential areas, as well as the "withdrawal of chemical enterprises within 1 km along the Yangtze River" and other policies hotly discussed in Hubei and Jiangsu. Safety buffer zone refers to the chemical plant and dangerous goods base, which should have a certain area in the planning, separated from residential areas

"in China, people seem to think that creating a '(buffer) distance' can bring safety; in fact, only by controlling basic safety production can we bring safety." Lin Bo said

limbo told that some chemical plants in Germany are relatively close to population centers, and many chemical plants are built on the Rhine River. Whether we can achieve safety and environmental protection is not so much related to distance. More attention should be paid to the basic safety measures to ensure the factory, so that the safety goal can be achieved

According to Lin Bo, BASF Ludwigshafen chemical plant in the upper reaches of the Rhine River, the International Association of chemical manufacturers (AICM), which is composed of more than 60 multinational chemical enterprises, is cooperating with the China Federation of petroleum and chemical industries (cpcif) to help Chinese local chemical enterprises produce more strictly and safely than regulations and standards in the production process

"in general, it is the right direction to promote the safe and environmental development of the chemical industry and gather chemical enterprises in chemical parks." Lin Bo said

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